Sunburn occurs when the skin is exposed to excessive sun exposure, specifically the ultra-violet (UV) radiation from the sun. Your skin can also get burned from prolonged exposure to other UV light sources like at a tanning booth. The skin can burn when it is exposed to direct contact with the sun’s ultra-violet rays. This is what we usually refer to when we talk about sunburn.
Ultra-violet radiation (UV-A) is the main cause of sunburn. The most common type of UV-A is called uv-a radiation, which is found in high-energy rays such as those coming from the sun or from fluorescent light. The main problem with uv-a radiation is that it does not reach its peak level immediately. In other words, while you are sunbathing, you do not always experience the full-brightness of the UV-A rays.
By delaying the onset of the UV-A rays, sunburn sufferers avoid two things: first, the potential damage from UV-A; and second, the possibility of developing skin cancer. Both of these issues can lead to premature skin aging and, in the case of premature aging, premature death. The damage from uv-a radiation may not fully show up for up to three days after sun exposure, so it is possible to experience sunburn without knowing it.
Sunburns can be healed or at least reversed, if they are discovered early. You can take preventative measures to heal a sunburn and prevent them from occurring again. This includes staying out of the sun during periods of high UV rays. You can also avoid skin irritants and use sunscreen.
Sunburns are often accompanied by skin discoloration from the sunburn and small bumps (cysts) or raised skin lesions. These are caused by the overexposure to UV-A radiation. Sunburn patients are encouraged to limit sun exposure while healing. This includes wearing a wide-brimmed hat to shield their faces and their skin; applying sunscreen lotion to all exposed parts of the body;, and staying away from overexposure to ultraviolet rays as much as possible. Once healed, it is important to note that the sunburn will return unless the surrounding skin is bleached, treated with special moisturizing agents, or protected from UV light.
It is important to note that while the sun is the greatest risk for most people when it comes to skin cancer, it is not the only one. Exposure to indoor and outdoor smoke, as well as other types of pollution can lead to an increased risk of developing certain types of cancers. For this reason, smoking cessation is a good idea after sunburn treatment. If you do not quit smoking, the sunburn may come back even more difficult than before.
Although cool baths, lotions, and creams help relieve pain, they usually do not treat the source of the discomfort. In addition, exposure to skin may start to itch and burn once again once you are no longer in direct sunlight. These creams and lotions are not a long-term solution to sunburn, but they may help you feel better until your next sunburn.
Sunburns affect almost everyone at some point in their lives. An intense sunburn often happens right where the skin cells most need moisture, such as around the mouth and eyelids. Overexposure skin may start to peel as the layers of skin cells on the outermost layer of skin become damaged by ultraviolet radiation. This damage is what causes the dry, itchy, flaky, and itchy skin.