infection ofand sexual transmission Continue slow but steady growth in Navarra. Thus, in the first half of 2022 they have increased by 10% compared to the same period last year. And this is just the tip of the iceberg. Technicians from the Institute of Public Health have made it clear that the level of pre-pandemic cases has already been exceeded and confirm it is a problem of “increasing importance” to Navarra.
More specifically, in the first half of 2022 they have declared 560 cases Compared to 511 in 2021, which ended with more than a thousand reported people affected.
In addition, it is worth noting the high percentage of cases under 35 years oldWhich accounts for 57% of those affected by gonorrhea, 44% of those with syphilis, or, in the case of chlamydia, 80%.
las most common diseases They are caused by bacteria found in the secretions of the reproductive system (syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, lymphogranuloma venereum, etc.). They tend to be associated with HIV infection caused by a virus, although figures are more stable in the latter case.
Break and reactivation after the pandemic
In the first year of the pandemic, transmission of these diseases was halted: 317 cases in the first semester and a total of 678 cases at the end of the year.
Since then they have grown non-stop and surpassed the figures for 2019, when there were 365 cases in the first half of the year and 754 in all of 2019.
Thus, in 2021, 205 cases of gonorrhea, 74% more than the previous year; 89’s syphilis, with an increase of 82%; of 667 chlamydiawhich increased by 35%, and the highest figure in lymphoma Since the filing of sexual dysfunction, with 18 cases. The growth continues to be maintained throughout this year.
The incidence of chlamydia appears to have tripled since 2017, from 193 cases to 667 in 2021. This year, in the first semester, already 370 affected people have been reported.
Experts are concerned about the fact that many infections are asymptomatic, although this characteristic does not mean that they are less contagious. And they add to the easy transmissibility of these diseases, the increased resistance to antibiotics caused by bacteria and the likelihood that they become chronic and cause more problems. These include infertility, miscarriage, various sequelae, and mother-child transmission in cases where they are not diagnosed early and not treated properly.
Health campaign before rise
Swasthya in association with Navarre Yuva Sansthan has launched a campaign that promotes the use of condoms in the event of an increase in infection.
The initiative, primarily aimed at young people, raises awareness of the importance of prevention against these infections as well as the need for self-care. The campaign, whose motto is ‘Go out of your own accord but don’t go out without a condom’, emphasizes individual responsibility to improve their own sexual health and those of those with whom they have relationships.
1 risk. Public health highlights that having sex with different people increases the risk manifold. Relaxation in preventive measures also.
2 mucus. There is a risk of infection in any relationship that involves contact between mucous membranes or secretions, including saliva
3 treatments, When a case is detected and it has a partner, a coordinated treatment should be undertaken until both are cured so as to avoid re-infection.
What is 1. Infectious disease caused by bacteria. It can be detected by blood test.
2 symptoms, Sometimes it is asymptomatic. Sometimes an ulcer appears at the point of the inoculation (penis, vulva or mouth) which is painless and apparently heals on its own. It can affect the lymph nodes near the area and after a few weeks, a generalized rash appears on the skin.
3 treatments. Usually penicillin (antibiotic).
4 results, Untreated, in the long run it can cause valvular and neurological problems.
What is 1. It is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. Diagnosis is made by microbiological tests (cultures).
2 symptoms, They are usually local. Discomfort while urinating or discharge from the urethra. It usually goes unnoticed like syphilis.
3 treatments, Antibiotics.
4 results. Like other infections, it can lead to infertility, miscarriage, etc.
What is 1. Infectious disease caused by bacteria. Contagion occurs through the same routes as other diseases.
2 Diagnosis, Analysis or culture by molecular techniques
3 Characteristics, usually local. Problems urinating, itching, urethral and vaginal discharge, although this may be asymptomatic.
4 treatments, Antibiotic. It usually goes unnoticed.
1 what is it, Infection caused by different types of chlamydia.
2 symptoms, Pain and swelling of the lymph nodes in the groin and, in some cases, infection of the rectum. A small, painless, fluid-filled blister may appear at first.
3 Diagnosis, by symptoms and with blood tests,
4 treatments, Antibiotics.