There are several treatment options available for endometriosis, but there isn’t a full cure for the condition at this time (per National Health Service (NHS)). Instead of eradicating endometriosis completely, available treatment options focus on decreasing the pain experienced during flare-ups, increasing fertility, removing the endometrial tissue growing outside of the uterus, and reducing the potential return of the tissue after removal. A gynecologist can help you decide the appropriate treatment for your unique needs. This will likely depend on factors such as your age, the severity of your symptoms, and whether you’ve previously given birth.
For pain associated with endometriosis, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) will generally be the first treatment tried to reduce inflammation of the endometrial tissue and decrease pain (per NHS). There are several over-the-counter NSAIDS that can mitigate the pain associated with endometriosis, including ibuprofen and naproxen. Acetaminophen, better known as Tylenol, can also be helpful in reducing pain but won’t decrease inflammation (via MedlinePlus). A trick to defeating pain related to endometriosis is to begin taking pain medications a day or two before your period begins so that you can stay on top of the pain. If, after trying over-the-counter pain medications, your symptoms are still severe or interfering with your daily life, your gynecologist may recommend additional treatment for endometriosis.