Childhood eczema is the bane of many parents existence, especially in the first few years of a child’s life. Seeing the rash, or worse, the discomfort it brings to your child can at times be very confronting, especially if you are unsure of what it is or how to manage it.
But fear not! Childhood Eczema can be managed relatively easily if you have the right approach.
First, some background. Eczema is also known as ‘atopic eczema’ or ‘atopic dermatitis’, and is a chronic skin condition that affects around 15-20% of children, and is most common between the ages of 2 and 4 years. It often disappears with time, but for some people, it can persist into adulthood.
Whilst the exact causes of childhood eczema are unknown, there is a strong genetic factor, and eczema often occurs together with asthma and hayfever. This is called ‘atopic tendency’. While eczema can’t be cured, it can be effectively managed in most children.
Childhood Eczema commonly appears first on the face of younger children, but as children grow older, it’s the skin around the joints that can become the most problematic.
The main symptoms of Childhood Eczema include redness, inflammation and intense itching. In severe cases, the skin may begin crusting or weeping, which could be signs of a bacterial infection. Whether the symptoms are mild or severe, Childhood Eczema needs to be diagnosed by a medical professional to ensure you’re getting the right treatment for your child.
Discuss the problem first with your GP or Paediatrician. If the condition doesn’t respond to the initial management strategy, they may refer you to a dermatologist.
QV Dermcare is available in most pharmacies
Even before thinking about treatment, there are two key strategies that should form the basis of every eczema management routine:
Just as things like dust and pollen can aggravate hayfever, some irritants are known to trigger or even worsen eczema. These aren’t the same for everyone, but often include:
It’s important to be aware of these triggers and watch for any others that might be affecting your child. One way to do this is to use a symptom diary where you can record when and where symptoms occur. This can make it easier to spot patterns or triggers in your child’s diet or environment.
The Role of Moisturisers
Even when the skin appears normal (not red or inflamed), people with eczema have a weakened skin barrier – the part of the skin responsible for keeping water in, and irritants out. Just like a bucket with holes in the bottom, eczema-prone skin will lose water more quickly than normal skin and is often bordering dryness and irritation. Similarly, the incessant itch associated with eczema can be made worse by dry skin.
To work effectively, the skin barrier needs to be hydrated all the time, so regular use of moisturisers should form the foundation of any eczema management strategy. This is why all expert guidelines for eczema management recommend regular, liberal use of moisturisers.
Management Childhood Eczema at Home:
Management for Childhood Eczema at School:
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