Infertility is the inability to conceive after a year of trying. In women, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and thyroid disorders can all contribute to infertility whereas low sperm count or testosterone levels can be one of the causes of infertility in men.
Your odds of being infertile rise as you get older. Although infertility is more common after the age of 35, it can happen at any age. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 10% of women had sought therapy for infertility at least once in the past in the National Survey of Family Growth in 2002. Couples in their 20s, however, have been experiencing fertility challenges as a result of changing lifestyles and long working hours, necessitating consultation with an infertility specialist.
What Causes Infertility?
Since ‘Peak Fertility’ does not usually occur until a woman is in her early 30s, it does not explain why women in their 20s have difficulty conceiving. Ovulatory dysfunction, polycystic ovarian syndrome, tubal disease, and malefactors, such as low sperm counts or poor motility, are the most common causes of infertility in this age range. Here are some reasons that can cause infertility in a woman:
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome/Disorder (PCOS/PCOD)
It’s a condition that affects a woman’s hormone levels. Infrequent or extended periods, as well as high levels of male hormone (androgen), are signs of the hormonal condition. Weight management and medications to get your period back on schedule, such as birth control pills, progestin therapy, or fertility drugs like Clomid, are all part of the treatment.
This condition indicates that a woman does not ovulate properly (release an egg) every month or does not ovulate at all (ovulation). The most common cause of female infertility is difficulty with ovulation, which may often be treated with drugs and medication.
Low sperm count or quality, a lack of sperm production, testicular abnormalities, and difficulty attaining climax are all male-driven causes of infertility as malefactors may account for a third of all fertility disorders. Past illnesses, infections, physical trauma, ageing, genetic disorders, hormone difficulties, varicoceles, and lifestyle choices such as smoking and exposure to heat or toxins are among the underlying causes. To address these concerns, lifestyle adjustments, as well as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF), might be used. In IVF, a retrieved egg and sperm are manually combined in a laboratory dish before being sent back to the uterus. A woman is given medicine to cause her to ovulate more than one egg during an IUI cycle, which is less expensive, and then sperm is injected directly into the uterus to encourage pregnancy.
If all testing for recognised female or male variables are negative but the couple is still unable to conceive, the explanation is deemed unknown. This accounts for almost a third of all cases of infertility.
Don’t be concerned if you, your partner, or both of you have a fertility problem. A lot of people around the world suffer from infertility. Fortunately, there are a variety of extremely successful reproductive therapies available to assist you to improve your chances of getting pregnant and will help you achieve your family-building goals. Your fertility doctor will propose the treatment that is most likely to give you a baby at the lowest possible cost based on your diagnoses, both individually and as a couple. So keep the hope alive to bring home happiness.
Also Read: Understanding How Cervical Cancer Affects Fertility
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